Sex and gender

When a couple welcomes a baby, there is often a gender reveal. People are labelled as either ‘male’ or ‘female’ at birth, however, sex and gender aren’t always the same.

Sex (or biological sex) is our biology, including our genes, hormones and reproductive organs. Basically, the sex that is defined at birth is usually based on our genitalia and genetic differences. Someone’s sex can be male, female or intersexed.

Gender is generally defined as an identity of being a woman, man, transgender, non-binary, or gender-non-conforming. It’s also about the role we express in our society and the way we think and act as opposed to what’s between our legs. Someone’s gender can be masculine, feminine, androgynous or a mixture of these, and can be changed.

Further reading